Document Type : Original Article
Department of Food Science and Technology, Sabzevar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sabzevar, Iran
Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Varamin-Pishva Branch, Islamic Azad University, Varamin, Iran
Department of Food Science and Technology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
Food and Drug Administration, Tehran, Iran
In this study, the structure and physicochemical properties of mucilage extracted from Malva flowers were investigated. The mucilage suspension contains large particles with low polydispersity showing low stability due to low zeta potential. The morphology of particles indicates polyhedral monodisperse particles. The predominantly present element is potassium and the most important functional group by FTIR is carboxylate at the wavelength of 1623cm-1 and 1407 cm-1, pyranose vibratory ring at 1256cm-1, and 1062cm-1, and Beta configuration at 780 cm-1 and 618 cm-1. Results of NMR also suggested the presence of sugars in the mucilage. Its low enthalpy (193.27J/g) is due to the presence of ordered granules. Also, a high glass transfer temperature (95.4°C) indicates a high crystallization rate thus a stable structure and heat–resistant granules.
- Koocheki A, Taherian AR, Razavi SM, Bostan A. Response surface methodology for optimization of extraction yield, viscosity, hue and emulsion stability of mucilage extracted from Lepidium perfoliatum seeds. Food Hydrocolloids. 2009;23(8):2369-79.
- Izydorczyk M, Cui SW, Wang Q. Polysaccharide gums: structures, functional properties, and applications. Food carbohydrates: Chemistry, physical properties, and applications. 2005;293:299.
- Wichtl M. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals (translated from the German by Bisset, NG). CRC press scientific publishers; 1994.
- Shale T, Stirk W, Van Staden J. Variation in antibacterial and anti-inflammatory activity of different growth forms of Malva parviflora and evidence for synergism of the anti-inflammatory compounds. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 2005;96(1-2):325-30.
- Ameri A, Heydarirad G, Mahdavi Jafari J, Ghobadi A, Rezaeizadeh H, Choopani R. Medicinal plants contain mucilage used in traditional Persian medicine (TPM). Pharmaceutical Biology. 2015;53(4):615-23.
- Farahnaky A, Bakhshizadeh-Shirazi S, Mesbahi G, Majzoobi M, Rezvani E, Schleining G. Ultrasound-assisted isolation of mucilaginous hydrocolloids from Salvia macrosiphon seeds and studying their functional properties. Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies. 2013;20:182-90.
- Stopić S, Ilić I, Uskoković D. Effect of Pd, Cu, and Ni additions on the kinetics of NiCl 2 reduction by hydrogen. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B. 1997;28(6):1241-8.
- Nep EI, Conway BR. Characterization of grewia gum, a potential pharmaceutical excipient. Journal of Excipients and Food Chemicals. 2010;1(1):30-40.
- Sahoo N, Manchikanti P, Dey S. Herbal drugs: standards and regulation. Fitoterapia. 2010;81(6):462-71.
- Hamcerencu M, Desbrieres J, Khoukh A, Popa M, Riess G. Synthesis and characterization of new unsaturated esters of gellan gum. Carbohydrate Polymers. 2008;71(1):92-100.
- Khoshmanzar M, Ghanbarzadeh B, Hamishehkar H, Sowti M, REZAYI MR. Investigation of effective parameters on particle size, zeta potential and steady rheological properties of colloidal system based on carrageenan-caseinate nanoparticles. The Journal of Research and Innovation in Food Science and Technology. 2013;1(4):255-272.
- McClements DJ. Protein-stabilized emulsions. Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science. 2004;9(5):305-13.
- Pradhan SS, Sarkar A. Enhancement of electrical conductivity in the Gum Arabica complex. Materials Science and Engineering: C. 2009;29(6):1790-3.
- Kaewmanee T, Bagnasco L, Benjakul S, Lanteri S, Morelli CF, Speranza G, et al. Characterisation of mucilages extracted from seven Italian cultivars of flax. Food Chemistry. 2014;148:60-9.
- Abbasi S. Handbook of Elementary Rheology. By Howard Barnes), 1st ed, Marz-e-Danesh Publication. 2008:211.
- Singh AK, Selvam RP, Sivakumar T. Isolation, characterisation and formulation properties of a new plant gum obtained from mangifera indica. International Journal of Pharmacy & Biomedical Research. 2010;1(2):35-41.
- Chariyachotilert C, Joshi S, Selke SE, Auras R. Assessment of the properties of poly (L-lactic acid) sheets produced with differing amounts of postconsumer recycled poly (L-lactic acid). Journal of Plastic Film & Sheeting. 2012;28(4):314-35.
- Cervantes-Martínez C, Medina-Torres L, González-Laredo R, Calderas F, Sánchez-Olivares G, Herrera-Valencia E, et al. Study of spray drying of the Aloe vera mucilage (Aloe vera barbadensis Miller) as a function of its rheological properties. LWT-Food Science and Technology. 2014;55(2):426-35.
- Qian J-Y, Chen W, Zhang W-M, Zhang H. Adulteration identification of some fungal polysaccharides with SEM, XRD, IR and optical rotation: A primary approach. Carbohydrate Polymers. 2009;78(3):620-5.
- Walton D, Mumford C. Spray dried products—characterization of particle morphology. Chemical Engineering Research and Design. 1999;77(1):21-38.
- Baxter A, Dillon M, Taylor KA, Roberts GA. Improved method for ir determination of the degree of N-acetylation of chitosan. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules. 1992;14(3):166-9.
- Wang Q, Ellis PR, Ross-Murphy S. Dissolution kinetics of guar gum powders-II. Effects of concentration and molecular weight. Carbohydrate Polymers. 2003;53(1):75-83.
- Bremer PJ, Geesey GG. An evaluation of biofilm development utilizing non‐destructive attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Biofouling. 1991;3(2):89-100.
- Figueiró S, Góes JC, Moreira R, Sombra A. On the physico-chemical and dielectric properties of glutaraldehyde crosslinked galactomannan–collagen films. Carbohydrate Polymers. 2004;56(3):313-20.
- Ma J, Lin Y, Chen X, Zhao B, Zhang J. Flow behavior, thixotropy and dynamical viscoelasticity of sodium alginate aqueous solutions. Food Hydrocolloids. 2014;38:119-28.