Document Type : Original Article
Department of Horticultural Science, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Department of Horticultural Science, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
To investigate the effect of polyamines and some organic acids’ application on postharvest life of button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus), an experiment was conducted in 2016. The treatments included putrescine (1, 2, and 3 mM), spermine and spermidine (0.75, 1, and 1.5 mM), ascorbic acid (10, 20, and 30 mM), citric acid (2, 3, and 4 mM), cinnamic acid (50, 100, and 150 mM) and the control. Treatments were used in two stages, before and after harvest, in two separate experiments based on a completely randomized design with three replications. At the end of the experiment, the nutritional value including, K, Ca, Fe, Vitamin C, TSS, and Protein in button mushroom were measured. The results indicated that in post-harvest stages, the maximum level of protein and Vitamin C were obtained in response to use of spermidine 1.5 mM. The maximum value of protein was observed at 3 mM putrescine and 30 mM Vitamin C at post-harvest stages. The maximum level of TSS was shown in spermidine 1 mM in both pre- and post-harvest. The application of treatments affect on micro and macro elements significantly. It can be said that application of treatments in the post-harvest stage has more influence on the nutritional value and durability of button mushroom.
- Chang ST, Bushwell JA. Development of the world mushroom industry: Applied mushroom biology and international mushroom organization. International Journal of Medical Mushrooms. 2008; 10, 195-208.
- Koyyalamudi SR, Jeong SC, Song CH, Cho KY, Pang G."Vitamin D2 formation and bioavailability from Agaricus bisporus button mushrooms treated with ultraviolet irradiation". Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 2009; 57 (8): 3351–5
- Miller-Fleming L, Olin-Sandoval V, Campbell K, Ralser M. Remaining mysteries of molecular biology: The role of polyamines in the cell. Journal of Molecular Biology. 2015; 427: 3389-3406.
- Dikeman CL, Bauer LL, Flickinger EA. Fahey GC. Effects of stage of maturity and cooking on the chemical composition of select mushroom varieties. Journal of Agricultural Food Chemistry. 2005; 53: 1130– 1138.
- Elyatem SM. Kader AA. Postharvest physiology and storage behavior of pomegranate fruits. Science Horticture. 1984; 24: 287-298.
- Kaidong L, Yuan C, Yan C, Haili, Li Jinxiang L. Combined effects of ascorbic acid and chitosan on the quality maintenance and shelf life of plums. Scientia Horticulture. 2014; 176, 45-53.
- Jebelli Javan A, Nikmanesh A, Keykhosravy K, Maftoon S, Amin Zare M, Bayani M, Parsaiemehr M, Raeisi M. Effect of citric acid dipping treatment on bioactive components and antioxidant properties of sliced button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus). Journal of Food of Quality Hazard Control. 2015; 2: 20-25.
- Shafiee M, Taghavi TSS, Babalar M. Addition of salicylic acid to nutrient solution combined with postharvest treatments (hot water, salicylic acid, and calcium dipping) improved postharvest fruit quality of strawberry. Scientia Horticulture. 2010; 124:40-45.
- Sood SH. Nagar PK. Post-harvest alterations in polyamines and ethylene in two diverse rose species. Acta Physiologic Plant. 2008; 30: 243-248.
- Seif N, Abootalebi A, Zakerain A. The effect of polyamines and benzyladenine treatments on maintenance of pomegranate (Punica granatum L. cv. Rabbab) nutritional properties during storage period. Eighteenth National Congress of Food Science and Technology. Mashhad, Iran, (In Persian).2008.
- Jafarpour M, Amini D, Mortezaeinejad F, Golparvar A, Khoshbakht D. Effect of putrescine and -1-methylcyclopropane on quality properties and shelf life (Fragaria ananassa Cv. Selva) of fruit. Production and processing of Agricultural and Horticultural Products. 2015; 283-273
- Assar P, Rahmi M, Taghipour L. Effect of post-harvest treatments of spermidine and putrescine on quantitative and qualitative characteristics of kiwi fruits of 'Hayward ʻ cultivar ʻ. 7th Iranian Congress of Horticultural Sciences. Isfahan University of Technology. Esfahan. 2011.
- Tassoni A, Accettulli P, Bagni N. Exogenous spermidine delays senescence of Dianthus caryophyllus flowers. Plant Biosystem. 2006;140, 107-114.
- Walden R, Cordiero A. Tiburcio AF. Polyamines: Small molecules triggering pathways in plant growth and development. Plant Physiology. 1997; 113: 1009–1013.
- Seif N, Abootalebi A, Zakerain A. The effect of polyamines and benzyladenine treatments on maintenance of pomegranate (Punica granatum L. cv. Rabbab) nutritional properties during storage period. Eighteenth National Congress of Food Science and Technology. Mashhad, Iran, (In Persian). 2008.
- Hosseini Farahi M, Aboutalebi A, Eshghi S, Dastyaran M, Yosefi F. Foliar application of humic acid on quantitative and qualitative characteristics of Aromas strawberry in soilless culture. Agriculture Community. 2017; 1:13-16.
- Anjum MA. Effect of exogenously applied spermidine on growth and physiology of citrus rootstock Troyer citrange under saline conditions. Turkish Journal of Agriculture Forest. 2011; 35:43-53.
- Alet A I, Sanchez DH, Cuevas J C, Del Valle S, Altabella T, Tiburcio AF. Putrescine accumulation in Arabidopsis thaliana transgenic lines enhances tolerance to dehydration and freezing stress. Plant Signal and Behaviour. 2011; 6, 278–286.
- Yamaguchi K, Takahashi Y, Berberich T, Imai A, Miyazaki A, Takahashi T. The polyamine spermine protects against dactylon × Cynodontransvaalensis and Cynodondactylon. Physiology of Plant. 2006; 141, 40–55.