Document Type : Review Article


1 Department of Nutrition, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Nutrition and Food Science Department, Mysore University, Manasagangotri, Mysore, Karnataka, India


Sleep disorders are very prevalent in the general population and are associated with significant medical, psychological, and social disturbances. A multidimensional approach is recommended for its assessment covering sleep hygiene measures, psychotherapy, and medication. The parasomnias, including sleepwalking, night terrors, and nightmares, have benign implications in childhood but often reflect psychopathology or significant stress in adolescents and adults and organicity in the elderly. Excessive daytime sleepiness is typically the most frequent complaint and often reflects organic dysfunction. Narcolepsy and idiopathic hypersomnia are chronic brain disorders with an onset at young age, whereas sleep apnea is more common in middle age and is associated with obesity and cardiovascular problems. Therapeutic naps, medications, and supportive therapy are recommended for narcolepsy and hypersomnia; continuous positive airway pressure, weight loss, surgery, and oral devices are common treatments for sleep apnea. There is a need for identifying the association of sleep and general health so as to provide a better and safe mechanism of management of insomnia since the pharmacological therapy adds the risk of side effects and addiction problems. The data is collected based on the internet search and papers submitted in PubMed, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, and Google Scholar. Sleep assessment is vital to physical and mental health. Having difficulty in getting proper sleep could be the base of initiation of many health problems According to our study in this article we suggest the importance of sleep to be measured and evaluated by the health care system for the individuals whether in hospitals or institutes or any organization.


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